Do you need a permit for home security cameras?
With security becoming an increasing concern for many of us, installing a home security camera is one way of protecting our homes and our loved ones. With them, though, comes the question of privacy and how that is managed. We are often asked whether a permit is required for home security cameras, so we thought it was time to set out the rules and guidance to help you make the right decision for your home.
Is a permit required?
The simple answer, is no, it is not. However, it is never quite as straightforward. There are a few things to keep in mind when considering home security cameras in relation to the privacy of others and the law.
If you only capture images within the boundary of your home…
…then data protection laws do not apply. That includes your garden.
However, if you are capturing any part that is outside that boundary – for example, part of your neighbour’s property, any shared spaces, or the public footpath outside your home – then you will have to comply with data protection laws. This includes the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Data Protection Act 2018.
What does this mean that you need to do?
Firstly, it does not mean that you cannot go ahead and install a home camera system. However, you will need to do the following:
- Put up a sign that says that recording is taking place, and why. In this way you are alerting passersby to the fact that they may be captured by CCTV.
- Be sure that you are not capturing more than you need to. For example, you must be satisfied that camera angles do not capture areas that are not likely to cause you any security concerns.
- Ensure that the footage that you capture is held securely and cannot be accessed by anyone without good reason. It should not be streamed live in any way, either.
- Do not keep the footage any longer than you need to. Ensure that it is destroyed frequently, unless you are holding on to it while an incident is being investigated. In such instances you can only share it with those who are investigating the issue, such as the police.
- Anyone captured by your CCTV can request to see the footage and can ask you to delete it. You must comply with that request unless there is a specific incident that is under investigation at the time, in which case you must inform them of this. You must respond to any verbal or written requests to view footage, or to delete data held, within one month of the request.
What happens if you break the law?
In such cases, the Information Commissioner’s Office, or ICO, can take enforcement action against you. if there are any individuals affected by your CCTV system they can also take legal action against you if you are not complying with the law.
Still unsure and want some advice on whether a home CCCTV system is right for you and what you need to consider before installing one? Talk to us at DNA Security. Give us a call on 01424 718 844 with any questions or to book an appointment.